Lanivtsi

City in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine
City in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine
Lanivtsi
Ланівці
City
Łanowce church erected in 1857 by Teodor Jełowicki
Łanowce church erected in 1857 by Teodor Jełowicki
Flag of Lanivtsi
Flag
Coat of arms of Lanivtsi
Coat of arms
49°52′12″N 26°04′48″E / 49.87000°N 26.08000°E / 49.87000; 26.08000Coordinates: 49°52′12″N 26°04′48″E / 49.87000°N 26.08000°E / 49.87000; 26.08000
Country Ukraine
Province Ternopil Oblast
DistrictKremenets Raion
Magdeburg rights1545
City status17 May 2001[1]
Area
 • Total14.7 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total8,321
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
47402
Area code+380 3549
Websitelanivtsi

Lanivtsi (Ukrainian: Ланівці) is a city in Kremenets Raion, Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. The population is 8,680 as of 2001. It hosts the administration of Lanivtsi urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[2] Current population: 8,323 (2021 est.)[3]

History

Lanivtsi received a town charter in 1545 from the Polish king. Until the Partitions of Poland, it was part of Volhynian Voivodeship. Ashkenazy Jews began to settle there later. In 1795 - 1918, Lanivtsi was occupied by the Russian Empire. In 1897 the Jewish population numbered 1,174 of a total of 2,525 in the city. Numbers of Jews were killed in pogroms, and others emigrated to western Europe or the United States. By 1921 their population in the city was 640. There was a Tarbut school and yeshiva, and many of the younger people became Zionists.[4]

In the Second Polish Republic between the world wars, Lanivtsi, known then as Łanowce, belonged to Krzemieniec County, Volhynian Voivodeship. For centuries, Lanivtsi was the center of an area of large estates that belonged to several noble families, such as the Jelowicki, Wiśniowiecki, Mniszech and Rzewuski.

In 1939 the town was invaded by the Soviet Union, and then invaded by Nazi Germany in 1941, with occupation starting July 3 of that year. With the help of Ukrainian guards, the Germans created a Jewish ghetto in Łanowce, where Jews worked as forced laborers. Jews from neighboring villages were transported and confined there in 1942. From August 13-14, 1942, the Germans and Ukrainians murdered a total of 1,833 Jews beside open pits, where they were buried in mass graves. Few survived the Holocaust.[4]

Until 18 July 2020, Lanivtsi was the administrative center of Lanivtsi Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Ternopil Oblast to three. The area of Lanivtsi Raion was merged into Kremenets Raion.[5][6]

References

  1. ^ Lanivtsi Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. Ukrainian parliament website.
  2. ^ "Лановецкая громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  3. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  4. ^ a b Yad Vashem, "Lanowce", The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust: K-Sered, New York: NYU Press, 2001, p. 750
  5. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  6. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
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Ternopil Oblast Administrative divisions of Ternopil Oblast
Administrative center: Ternopil
Raions
  • Chortkiv
  • Kremenets
  • Ternopil
Coat of arms of Ternopil Oblast
Hromadas
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  • Vyshnivets
  • Zalishchyky
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  • Zavodske
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  • Zolotnyky‎
  • Zolotyi Potik
Cities
  • Berezhany
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  • Kopychyntsi
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  • Lanivtsi
  • Monastyryska
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  • Shumsk
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Urban-type settlements
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  • Zolotyi Potik
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Communities of Lanivtsi Raion
Administrative center: Lanivtsi
Cities
  • Lanivtsi
Villages
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  • Bilozirka
  • Borshchivka
  • Borsuky
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  • Ivankivtsi
  • Karnachivka
  • Korostova
  • Korzhkivtsi
  • Kozachky
  • Krasnoluka
  • Kutyska
  • Liulyntsi
  • Lopushne
  • Mala Bilka
  • Mala Karnachivka
  • Mala Snihurivka
  • Mali Kuskivtsi
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  • Zhukivtsi
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